Photo of downtown Cimarron taken by Travis K. Witt

Cimarron

Colfax County, New Mexico

Established in 1857, the village of Cimarron, New Mexico is the Historic Heart of the West. Intriguing and diverse, its history reaches back to the Santa Fe Trail. Cimarron is also home to Philmont Scout Ranch along with the Old Mill Museum, the historic St James Hotel, and other area attractions.

Once the home of the Anasazi, Jicarilla Apache, and Ute Indians, Cimarron, located on the Mountain Branch of the Santa Fe Trail, became the hub of a vast mining and ranching empire in the mid to late 19th century. The pioneer spirit, which gave rise to Cimarron, brought the famous and infamous alike. Western legends such as Kit Carson, Black Jack Ketchum, Charles Kennedy, Clay Allison, and Will James have contributed to the areas rich history.

In Spanish, Cimarron means “wild and unruly”, harking back to the historical turbulence of this now peaceful community. The area was once part of the controversial Maxwell Land Grant, which eventually caused the Colfax County Was of the late 1800s. In addition to Cimarron’s rich Native American heritage, Spanish settlers, homesteaders, trappers, traders, and many other colorful characters made this beautiful areas their home. 

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